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Criminological Highlights – October 2017

This issue address the following questions: How can school policies affect crime? Why do Black Americans have less confidence in the police than White Americans? What kinds of jobs will reduce offending among those who have been involved in crime? How do courts punish those who have not been found guilty? Does what men look like affect the sentences they receive? What are the challenges facing First Nations police services in Canada? Do drug courts encourage police to charge minor drug offenders? Why does the incarceration of parents lead, eventually, to lower earnings for their children?

(447.75 KB) | 6. November 2017 | Author: Centre for Criminology and Sociolegal Studies, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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Criminological Highlights – July 2017

This issue of Criminological Highlights addresses the following questions: 1. Why is it in the public interest to allow people to free themselves from their criminal records? 2. What kinds of events are likely to cause an increase in police use of force in dealing with ordinary citizens? 3. Do highly informed citizens think that sentences are too lenient? 4. What can be done to create more smoothly running prisons? 5. What is the first step that cities should take to prepare for events that might involve citizen protests? 6. Do transfers to adult court hurt youths’ life chances? 7. How accurate are predictions of future intimate partner violence? 8. […]

(422.51 KB) | 11. October 2017 | Author: Centre for Criminology and Sociolegal Studies, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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Criminological Highlights – Volume 16, Number 3

Criminological Highlights is designed to provide an accessible look at some of the more interesting criminological research that is currently being published. Each issue contains “Headlines and Conclusions” for each of 8 articles, followed by one-page summaries of each article.

(392.67 KB) | 18. January 2017 | Author: Criminological Highlights
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Criminological Highlights – Volume 16, Number 2

(377.11 KB) | 28. November 2016 | Author: The Centre for Criminology and Sociolegal Studies
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An Inspection of Through the Gate Resettlement Services for Short-Term Prisoners

A joint inspection by HM Inspectorate of Probation and HM Inspectrate of Prisons. ‘Through the Gate’ is a flagship policy of government, intended to bring about a step change in rehabilitation, and so reduce reoffending. New services have been rolled out in prisons to prepare prisoners for release and resettlement and increase their prospects of leading a better life. When the policy was introduced in spring 2015, post-release licence supervision and rehabilitation support was extended to those formerly ineligible (serving short sentences) so as to increase the impact on reoffending overall. Released October 2016

(679.88 KB) | 4. October 2016 | Author: HM Inspectorate of Probation and HM Inspectrate of Prisons
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Nordic Correctional Statistics: 2010-2014

Nordic cooperation in producing correctional statistics goes a long way back. Since 2007, an English-speaking series of Nordic correctional statistics can be downloaded on the national web sites of the Nordic correctional services. A new report is now available. I will give a brief description of the Nordic cooperation, and as a final point, I will put together a few examples of results that can be derived from the report. Exact statistical comparability is naturally difficult to attain given that legal definitions, practice and methods of data compilation vary between the Nordic countries. However, the Nordic countries are sufficiently similar in legal structure and political culture, which make comparison feasible […]

(1.16 MB) | 9. August 2016 | Author: Ragnar Kristoffersen
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The Potential of Community Corrections to Improve Safety and Reduce Incarceration

As the size and cost of jails and prisons have grown, so too has the awareness that public investment in incarceration has not yielded the expected return in public safety. This creates an opportunity to reexamine the wisdom of our reliance on institutional corrections—incarceration in prisons or jails—and to reconsider the role of community-based corrections, which encompasses probation, parole, and pretrial supervision. However, it could also be an opportunity wasted if care is not taken to bolster the existing capacity of community corrections. With this report, Vera’s Center on Sentencing and Corrections provides an overview of the state of community corrections, the transformational practices emerging in the field (including those […]

(365.17 KB) | 3. August 2016 | Author: Vera Institute of Justice
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Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Community Corrections: The Principles of Effective Intervention

Until recently, community corrections has suffered from a lack of research that identified proven methods of reducing offender recidivism. Recent research efforts based on meta-analysis (the syntheses of data from many research studies) (McGuire, 2002; Sherman et al, 1998), cost-benefit analysis (Aos, 1998) and specific clinical trials (Henggeler et al, 1997; Meyers et al, 2002) have broken through this barrier though and are now providing the field with indications of how to better reduce recidivism. This research indicates that certain programs and intervention strategies, when applied to a variety of offender populations, reliably produce sustained reductions in recidivism. This same research literature suggests that few community supervision agencies (probation, parole, residential community corrections) in the U.S. are using these effective interventions and their related concepts/principles.

(664.95 KB) | 3. August 2016 | Author: Crime and Justice Institute
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Sondage international sur les services correctionnels 2015 – FR

Le document ci-après est un résumé des réponses reçues suite au sondage international portant sur les défis auxquels les services correctionnels font face et sur les stratégies d’atténuation. Les questions du sondage ont été rédigées en appliquant une approche fondée sur les risques et étaient axées sur les points problématiques des pratiques menées en matière de services correctionnels. Le sondage se composait de cinq parties principales : Partie I : Information organisationnelle et défis globaux Partie II : Population de délinquants (renseignements sur le profil et défis propres aux délinquants) Partie III : Infrastructure correctionnelle (défis touchant l’infrastructure) Partie IV : Questions législatives, économiques et sociales Partie V : Gestion […]

(977.14 KB) | 28. July 2016 | Author: Correctional Service of Canada
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2015 International Survey of Correctional Services – EN

The following is a summary document of the responses received for the international survey on correctional challenges and mitigation strategies. Survey questions were developed using a risk-based approach and focused on core problematic areas in correctional practices. The survey was organized into five key parts: Part I: Organizational information and overall challenges; Part II: Offender population (profile information and offender-specific challenges); Part III: Correctional infrastructure (infrastructure-specific challenges); Part IV: Legislative, economic, and social issues; and Part V: Risk management (most significant risk to organizations). The target sample was approximately 150 correctional organizations of countries affiliated with ICPA. A total of 25 countries responded to the survey; one submission was removed […]

(913.7 KB) | 28. July 2016 | Author: Correctional Service of Canada
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